Some people from this present era may not be so familiar with the tragic events of Holocaust during the World War II. Some may have tried to forget it and don’t even want to remember it but there is an official day to honour those who have perished in this event. Holocaust Remembrance Day is one of the World’s histories that the Nation of Israel and other Jewish communities around the world are commemorating and remembering every year.
When is Holocaust Remembrance Day 2015
Holocaust Remembrance Day 2015 in the Gregorian calendar falls on the dawn of Wednesday, April 15 and ends in the nightfall of Thursday, April 16.
Holocaust Remembrance Day in Hebrew calendar is observed as a National Memorial Day and public holiday on the 27th day of the month of Nissan. If the actual day falls on a Friday, Israel observes the Holocaust Remembrance Day on the foregoing Thursday. When it falls on a Sunday, they observe it on the following Monday to avoid adjacency with the Shabbat. It always falls on the months of April or May.
Since Holocaust Remembrance Day this calendar year 5775, is not falling on a Sunday, it will be stay on Wednesday, 27th day of Nissan.
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How the day was established
It has been more than 60 years since that catastrophic event of Holocaust has occurred but for all who have survived this tragic happening including the families of those who survived, the memoirs are still real and alive though there are some who have not been involved consider it to be part of the primeval history.
Before the day was established as a remembrance for all the victims of Holocaust, including the six million European Jews and million others who are homosexuals, mentally and physically disabled, Ukranian, Russian civilians, and Gypsies, there are various days suggested to commemorate the event. It was debated for two years until in 1950 they have chosen the 27th day of Nissan which also marks the anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising.
Finally in April 12, 1951, the Israel’s Parliament (Knesset) proclaimed the date of remembrance on the 27th day of Nissan and it was formalized and established by the Knesset on August 19, 1953. It was named as “Yom HaShoah Ve-Hagevurah” in Hebrew which means the “Day of Remembrance of Holocaust and Heroism” and later shortened into Yom HaShoah. Although it was established in Israel, other Jewish communities around the world are also commemorating the day.
Remembering the Holocaust Victims
Since Holocaust Remembrance Day is a newly set national holiday, there are no set of rules and customs established yet for the day. But generally, it is a day observed with candle lighting, singing, poems, prayers and ceremonies which are held in cemeteries or in a memorial landmark of Holocaust for reciting the names of the victims. There are often six candles lit to represent the six million Jews.
In the early 1960’s, the sound of the siren on the Holocaust Remembrance Day stops all the motorist and striders for a two-minute silence of remembering. The siren blows twice at sundown and at 11:00 in the morning. All the radio and television broadcasting networks align their programs in parallel with the holiday. The public entertainment businesses such as theatres and cinemas are closed during the holiday.
The memories of the victims of the Holocaust will live on, in any manner this day is being remembered.