One of the most sacred and consecrated holidays in the Jewish religion, is the Passover (“Pesach” in Hebrew) which reminds the nation of Israel of God’s divine protection and providence over His people when they were in ancient Egypt and until they depart and go to the Promise Land. The Pentateuch (Five Books of Moses) clearly described the Passover to be a memorial to them and to their children’s children.
Laws and Customs of Passover in the Bible
The Torah has the complete and exhaustive details of the ancient Passover’s customary procedure as commanded by the Lord through Moses.
- The preparation of the Passover Lamb (Paschal Lamb) which is without blemish and spot to be slaughtered and be eaten in haste.
- The removal of all the leavened bread known as “Chametz” on the first day and the seven days of eating the Unleavened bread known as “Matzah”
Other Festivities of Passover in the Bible
After Moses died, his assistant, Joshua took over the leadership of the people of Israel and dwelt and camped in Gilgal where the first observance of Passover in Palestine was held.
After the death of Joshua, in almost the time of the Judges, Passover is more likely to have lost its role and its tradition has diminished. Hence, at the time of Samuel, The Passover has regained its function as a Jewish religious rite and during the leadership of King Josiah about 400 years after Samuel, it was formally decreed for the people to be observed.
2 Kings 23:21-23
Even before the reign of King Josiah, King Hezekiah restored the Temple worship kept the Passover to the Lord.
2 Chronicles 30:1-5
However, after the destruction of the temple, modifications have been made in observing the present-day Passover, hence the essence and the significance of this festival has retained its original purpose why God commanded it. You can read more on Passover in the Modern Day Israel.