Haman was a descendant of Agag who is the king of the Amalekites; the hereditary enemies of Israel from the wilderness up to the early empires. Haman is also known as “Haman the Agagite.” He is the famous villain in the story of the Book of Esther who is arrogant and egotistical advisor to the king of Persia and has a deep abhorrence to the Jews for unknown reason.
Haman in the Book of Esther
Haman is the prime minister and second in command to the King Achashverosh whom he convinced that the Jews should be annihilated for not keeping the law of the king. He then plotted to destroy every single one of them, sparing no one because of the insult he felt with Mordecai who refused to bow down to him. He cast “Purim” or lots to ascertain which is the most propitious day for his plot.
The tables later were turned in favour of the Jews when the king knew that Haman planned to exterminate all the Jews including his queen. He then ordered his eunuchs to immediately hang Haman to the gallows which he intended for Mordecai. The judgement fell on Haman and he finally apprehended his doom and fate.
His wife’s name is Zeresh and they had ten sons named, Parshandatha, Aspatha, Adalia, Parmashta, Aridai, Dalphon, Poratha, Aridatha, Arisai, and Vaizatha. In the story of Purim, all of them get killed and hanged in the gallows which their father made originally for Mordecai as induced by his wife.