The unity among the Jews worldwide is so conspicuous in valuing their cultures and holy traditions. Perhaps, the most highly anticipated, and the holiest festival of the Jews is the Yom Kippur. This festival is not limited to the nation of Israel but to every Jew living in the Diaspora who normally doesn’t observe other Jewish holidays.
When is Yom Kippur 2014
Yom Kippur 2014 will be observed on Saturday, 4th day of October.
Yom Kippur will begin on the evening of Friday, 3rd of October and ends on the nightfall of Saturday, 4th of October.
Yom Kippur usually falls between the months of September and October in the Gregorian calendar.
Jewish Yom Kippur Date 2014
In the Jewish year 5775, Yom Kippur will begin on the evening of Friday, 9th day of Tishrei and continues until the evening of Saturday, 10th day of Tishrei.
Yom Kippur Origin and Background
Yom Kippur is regarded as the Sabbath of the Sabbaths because it is considered as the most important holiday of the Jewish year. The word “Yom Kippur” means Day of Atonement. A day reserved for the affliction of the soul and penance and atonement for sins committed for the past year which centrally focus on repentance and atonement.
The first Yom Kippur was instituted at the Book of Leviticus in Chapter 23 verses 26 to 32 which was a decree commanded by God to be observed throughout the generations as a strict day of rest. This day is a complete Sabbath where work is totally prohibited and every Jew should refrain from eating and drinking of water. It is also marked by a complete 25-hour fast that begins an hour before the Yom Kippur begins and continues until after the nightfall of Yom Kippur day itself. However, children Jews below 9 years old, pregnant or lactating women and those that are suffering from serious illness are exempted and not required to fast.
There are also other specified additional restrictions aside from fasting. They are also forbidden to take a bath, to wash, to wear of leather shoes, to put on cosmetics such as make-ups and perfume and to engage in sexual relation.
The Central Observance of Yom Kippur
There are three essential and central components in observing the Yom Kippur. These are Teshuvah which is known as “repentance, Prayer and Fasting.
- Teshuvah- is the most crucial part of Yom Kippur where the Jews are tend to look for someone whom they have offended and ask for their forgiveness and reconciled with them so that New Year will begin with clean slate for all.
- Prayer- The longest synagogue service happens during the Yom Kippur where prayers services are done from morning until evening
- Fasting- The passage in Leviticus 23:27 that says, “afflicting your souls” clearly depicts a kind of an intense fast to be made by the Jews on this day. In the modern day, this is known as the “dry fast” where even water is prohibited to be drunk.
Yom Kippur 2015
Yom Kippur 2015 will be observed on the sunset of September 22 which will on a Tuesday and continues until the nightfall of September 23 which will fall on a Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar.